Everest Base Camp Trek 18 Days
Everest Base Camp 18 Days Trek reveals some of the most breathtaking scenery in the Himalayas. After exploring Kathmandu, you fly to Lukla where your trek to Everest begins. The trail follows the course of the Dudh Kosi, the ‘River of Milk’, which gradually climbs through forests of rhododendron and magnolia. There are rest days at Namche Bazaar (the delightful Sherpa capital) and at Dingboche village (set below the spectacular peak of Ama Dablam) – to help adjust to the altitude.
By the time, you reach Lobuche the temperature will have dropped and you will be walking among frozen rivers in an icy wilderness. From here, you make the trek to Base Camp itself – at the foot of the world’s highest peak. The next day brings you to the final highlight – Kalar Patthar (5545 m) with stunning views of Everest and the Khumbu Glacier cascading below.
Highlights of the trek
- Panoramic view from Syangbuche
- Experiencing Sherpa culture in Khumjung village and Tengboche Monastery
- Views of Mt. Everest from Kala Patthar peak.
Arrival in Kathmandu
Upon arrival at Kathmandu International Airport, transfer to your hotel in Kathmandu or Bhaktapur. Short A briefing will follow concerning the necessary formalities and your trekking itinerary. You may spend your spare time exploring neighboring sanctuaries, depending on your arrival time.
Trek Preparations and Sightseeing in Kathmandu Valley
Half-day tour of UNESCO heritage sites in and around Bhaktapur and Kathmandu, including Buddhist and Hindu temples and shrines that reflect ancient local tradition. There is time to explore the city’s many places of interest on your own or take a rest while trekking permits are finalized. In the evening, taste a delicious traditional Nepali dinner. Overnight in Kathmandu
Kathmandu to Phakding (2610m)
Early in the morning, you will be picked up by your guide to go to the Kathmandu airport, from where we will take the airplane to Lukla, which will take us about 30 minutes of flight time. At Lukla we will meet our porters and will head north from the airstrip to Chablung (2,700 m). Here we will cross the Tharo Kosi river on a local-style suspension bridge. Just past the bridge, we can see the peak of Kusum Kangru (6,367 m), which is the most difficult of the so-called “trekking peaks." Beyond the Tharo Kosi, the trail climbs a bit towards Ghat (2,590 m), where we will cross a ridge marked with painted mani stones and climb to Phakding, where we will stay overnight (3 hrs).
Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3420m)
From Phakding, we follow the valley of the Dudh Kosi river, staying on the west bank of the river. We climb steeply over a rocky ridge towards Benkar (2,710 m). From here, the trail continues alongside the river. All along this part of the trail, villages are interspersed with magnificent forests of rhododendron, magnolia and giant firs. In both the early autumn and late spring, the flowers on this portion of the trek make it a beautiful walk. We cross the Kyashar Khola river and climb out of the valley to Monjo (2,840 m). Just beyond Monjo, the trek enters the Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park, which was established in 1976 to protect a 1148-square-kilometer area surrounding Mt. Everest. Beyond the national park entrance station, the trail makes a steep, rocky descent and crosses the Dhud Kosi river on a 120-meter-long suspension bridge towards Jorsale (2,830 m). After crossing this river a few times while climbing our way up the valley, we will reach Namche Bazaar (3,420 m). Namche Bazaar is the main trading centre in this region and features numerous shops, hotels and restaurants (6 hrs).
Acclimatisation in Namche Bazaar
Acclimatization is important before proceeding higher. We will begin our day with a tough one-hour climb to the Shyangboche airstrip (3,790 m). From there, we will gradually ascend to Khunde, passing various chortens (stone Buddhist monuments). We take the trail east from Khunde to Khumjung, the largest village in Khumbu, at the foot of the sacred peak, Khumbila. After enjoying lunch here, we will follow a steep switchbacking trail descending to Chhorkung (3,540 m). From here, we'll take a quick descent back to Namche Bazaar. (5 hrs)
Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3860m)
Our route today to Tengboche weaves in and out of side valleys, making small ups and downs, to the teashops of Kenjoma, and joins the trail from Khumjung just before a collection of Mani stones. The views of Everest and Ama Dablam are excellent from this part of the trek. We pass the small settlement of Sanasa from where the trail drops toward Phunki Thanga (3,250 m). From here, the trail climbs steeply through forests and around mani stones as it follows the side of a hill to the saddle on which the monastery of Tengboche sits at 3,870 m. The view from here is rightly deemed to be one of the world's most magnificent. Kwangde (6187m), Tawachee (6542m), Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse (8501m), Ama Dablan, Kantega, and Thamserku provide an inspiring panorama of Himalayan giants. We will spend the night in Tengboche village (5 hrs).
Tengboche to Pheriche (4240m)
From Tengboche, we will start our day by descending through forests of birches, conifers, and rhododendrons to the village of Devuche. From here, the level trail passes many mangrove walls in a deep rhododendron forest. After crossing the Imja Khola river, the route climbs past some magnificently carved mani stones to Pangboche (3,860 m). This is the highest year-round settlement in the valley, and the Pangboche gompa is the oldest in Khumbu and once contained relics that were said to be the skull and hand of a yeti. Beyond Pangboche, the route enters alpine meadows above the tree line, mostly consisting of scrub juniper and tundra. We will cross the Khumbu Khola and arrive in Pheriche, which is a labyrinth of walls and pastures (4:30 hrs).
Acclimatisation day in Pheriche
The most important thing for acclimatization at high altitudes is a slow ascent. Therefore, it is essential to spend an additional night at Pheriche. A good way to spend the day is to hike to the small summer settlement of Chhukung at 4,730 m. From here, we will have tremendous views of Island Peak (6,189 m), the south face of Lhotse, and the south-eastern face of Ama Dablam. After enjoying the views here, we return to Pheriche. (4 hrs.)
Pheriche to Duglha (4620m)
We will climb the large and gently sloping valleys from Pheriche to Phalang Karpo today (4,320 m). In many places, the trail crosses small streams on boulders. Beyond Phalang Karpo, the trail goes steeply onto the terminal moraine of the Khumbu Glacier. It then joins the trail from Dingboche and contours down to a stream, crossing it on a bridge just before Dughla. (3 hrs).
Dughla to Lobuche (4930m)
From Dughla the trail goes directly up the terminal moraine of the Khumbu Glacier for about an hour to the memorial area known as Chukpilhara. It was built in memory of six Sherpas who died in an avalanche during the 1970 Japanese skiing expedition on Everest. From here, the trail drops a bit and follows the western side of the valley to Lobuche, a summer settlement at 4,930 meters that has become a major trekking stop. The sunset on Nuptse, seen from here, is a memorable sight.
Lobuche to Gorak Shep (5160m)
The first section of todays trail follows the western side of the broad Khumbu valley and ascents gently through meadows besides the glacial moraine. The ascent becomes steeper and rougher as it crosses several side moraines. After rounding a bend in the trail, the conical peak of Pumori comes into view. On the lower slopes of this mountain a ridge extending to the south terminates in a small peak, known as Kala Pattar (5,545 m), meaning ‘black rock’. The trail then makes a short descent onto the sandy, flat expanse of Gorakshep. From here we will continue to the current Everest base camp, which is about a 4 hours return walk from Gorakshep. We will return to this small settlement after our visit to the base camp (6 hrs).
Gorak Shep to Lobuche (4930m)
After an early morning rise, we will start our day by climbing the Kala Pattar (5,545 m). This is a steep ascent up to the grassy slopes west of Gorak Shep. From Kala Pattar the entire Everest south face is visible as well as Lho La Pass (the pass between Nepal and Tibet, also named the Western Cwm), Changtse (the northern peak of Everest) and most of the West Ridge route. We will return to Gorak Shep and continue to descent to Lobuche (6 hrs).
Lobuche to Dingboche (4360m)
To go to Dingboche we will retrace our steps back to Dughla, and then go straight up the hill from the bridge to reach an upper trail, staying high above the valley floor. The views from here are great. You can easily recognize Island Peak, and the top of Makalu is visible in the distance over the pass to the right of Island Peak. After passing a chorten, we will descend to Dingboche, where we will stay the night (4 hours).
Dingboche to Tengboche
The route from Dingboche descends the Imja valley, then crosses the Khumbu Khola on a wooden bridge and climbs to rejoin the upward trail at some stone huts. Following the trail downhill from here, we will arrive at Tengboche (3 hrs).
Tengboche to Namche Bazaar
Today we will retrace our trail, which we followed on day 4 to reach Namche Bazaar (5 hrs).
Namche Bazaar to Lukla
It is a long walk from Namche Bazaar to Lukla, but we will be all in good shape by now. From Namche, we will descend steeply back to the Dudh Koshi River and continue our way past the national park checkpoint at Monjo. The trail then returns to Lukla, where we will reconfirm our flight tickets for the following day and spend the night (7 hours).
Lukla to Kathmandu
The 35-minute flight from Lukla will bring us back to Kathmandu. Staying at a hotel for the night
Today, you will depart from Kathmandu for your next destination. The trek itinerary is subject to change due to weather or unforeseen circumstances.
- Airport pick-up and drop-off
- Four nights hotel accommodations with breakfast in Kathmandu and Pokhara
- Licensed and trained trekking guides
- Porters for carrying goods and supplies
- All accommodation during trek
- All meals and hot beverages whilst trekking
- Transportation to and from trail head
- All necessary documents and permits for trekking (where applicable)
- National Park/Conservation Area entry permit
- Equipment such as sleeping bag, tents, mattresses
- Cooking equipment (if required)
- Camp-site charges (if required)
- Insurance, medication, and equipment for staff
- Coordination of Quick Rescue service (costs covered by your insurance plan)
- International airfares
- Travel/trekking insurance
- Excess baggage charges more than 16kg and hand bag more than 5kg in domestic flights
- Visa fees
- Airport departure tax
- Rescue charge
- Drinks (cold and alcoholic)
- Expenses of personal nature
- Permit and liaison officer fee (where applicable)
- Lunches and dinners whilst not trekking
October to late December and end of February to May
Starting point of trek
Finishing point of trek
Read our FAQ that answers general questions